Milk Thistle is an herbaceous plant, with purple bully tubular flowers. It is an edible plant, originally found in southern Europe, southern Russia, Asia Minor, and North Africa, and has also been naturalized to North and South America. Almost all parts of the plant can be eaten without any poisoning phenomena. The leaves of the thistle have caused the name âMilk Thistle" for two reasons: they are decorated with white stripes, and contain a white milky juice.
Milk Thistle has been used for over 2,000 years as a natural treatment, mainly for the treatment of liver and gallbladder disease. It was also used for detoxification and cleansing the liver, spleen and kidneys. The seeds were eaten by European women in order to ensure healthy milk production. Today, Milk Thistle has a great reputation with regard to the effectiveness of many liver and gallbladder diseases and poisoning.
ACTIVE INGREDIENTS IN MILK THISTLE
The main active ingredients are flavonolignans (4-6%) such as silybin, isosilybin, silydianin and silychristin (collectively known as silymarin); apigenin, silybonol, taxifolin, phytosterols, fatty oils (20-30%) and proteins.
Silybin is the most active form, and is thus the main cause of the beneficial effects of silymarin. The plant also contains flavonoids, including quercetin and camphorol, and base oils such as linoleic acid and oleic acid, betaine, stigmasterol, sitosterol, plant glue, vitamin C, E and K. Due to the ability to characterize the active ingredients, the powerful active ingredients are isolated from the seeds.
HOW DOES MILK THISTLE WORK?
Milk Thistle is especially popular because it protects the liver and improves liver function. There are several activities that explain the therapeutic effect on the liver.
First, silymarin can alter the structure of the hepatocyte cell membrane of the liver cells, so that toxic substances cannot penetrate into the nucleus. It also stimulates nuclear polymerase A, resulting in increased ribosomal protein synthesis. This stimulates the liver's regenerative ability and allows new hepatocytes to be created.
CONTINUE READING ON NEXT PAGE